4 Reasons to Buy, Not Sell, Emerging Markets

FEBRUARY 18, 2014
James M. Dahle, MD, FACEP
People are apparently pulling money out of emerging market (EM) stocks like crazy. As of the end of January, EM funds had 13 consecutive weeks of outflows—the longest losing streak in 11 years.
 
While there is some data supportive of momentum investing, this seems a whole lot more like the old buy high/sell low behavior that smart investors are supposed to be avoiding. A review of the historical records supports this.
 
There were heavy outflows in 2008 and 2009, just in time to miss the 78% returns in the last 3 quarters of 2009 and the 19% returns in 2010. By the beginning of 2011, inflows were quite positive (I wonder why), and EM lost 18% that year. By the end of the year, money was flowing out of the fund, just in time to miss the 18% return in 2012. Now, with EM losing 4% in 2013 (while the S&P 500 returned over 30%) and another 4% so far in 2014, is there any surprise that money is flowing out like a fire hose?
 
This is classic performance chasing: a childish way to invest and the reason why investors underperform the funds they invest in by such a large margin. In fact, the more volatile the fund, the greater the difference between the returns of the fund and the returns of the investor’s dollars in that fund.
 
EM is a volatile asset class, but I’m buying, not selling, for four different reasons.
 
1. Emerging Markets are a good investment
EM stocks (think China, Brazil, India, South Africa, Russia, Mexico, Malaysia and similar countries) have provided solid returns for decades.
 
The Vanguard Emerging Markets Index Fund, my vehicle of choice for this asset class, has an annualized return of 6.7% per year for the last 20 years, enough to turn a $100,000 investment into $366,000. Returns for the last 10 years have been 9.3%, about 2.5% better than the US stock market.
 
Although the future is impossible to predict, especially in the short term, long-term future returns also look bright for this asset class, according to experts like global investment firm GMO, which predicts 6.8% annualized, after-inflation returns over the next 7 years, and Forbes columnist Rick Ferri, who predicts 7% returns after inflation over the next 30 years.
 
By comparison, their predictions for US stocks over those time periods are -2% and 5% respectively.
 
Clearly, EM stocks have a place in the portfolio of the long-term investor.
 
2. Emerging markets zig when US and other developed markets zag
The whole point of including different asset classes into a portfolio is to have some that, at any given time, are doing well while others do poorly. Diversification not only within an asset class, but also among asset classes serves investors well. Unfortunately, correlations between asset classes have been rising in recent years, which is a bad thing for the diversified investor.
 
However, EM stocks provide more diversification to a US-centric portfolio than most other stock asset classes. The Vanguard 500 Index Fund (US stocks) and the Vanguard Emerging Markets Stock Index Fund have a correlation of only 0.78, lower than the correlation with the developed market economies of Japan and Europe (0.86,) small-value US stocks (0.96), and small international stocks (0.85).
 
Among commonly used stock portfolio building blocks, only REITs have a lower correlation with the S&P 500, and just barely at 0.74. While it would be great if all of these asset classes were completely uncorrelated or even negatively correlated, there’s no doubt that when it comes to correlations between your asset classes, that 0.78 is a whole lot better than 0.96.
 


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