Which Anti-TNF Treatment Works Best in Patients with Psoriatic Arthritis?

DECEMBER 12, 2012
In patients with psoriatic arthritis, first-line treatment often consists of NSAIDs such as ibuprofen and naproxen. Patients who do not respond to treatment with NSAIDs may benefit from treatment with disease modifying anti-rheumatic drugs (DMARDs) such as methotrexate, sulfasalazine, and leflunomide. 
 
Patients who do not respond to either of these approaches may be candidates for treatment with anti-tumor necrosis factor (anti-TNF) agents, including adalimumab, golimumab, etanercept, and infliximab. However, the American College of Rheumatology notes that “anti‐TNF treatment is expensive and not without side effects, including an increased risk for serious infections, especially tuberculosis. Therefore, it should not be used without an initial trial of an NSAID. Those with arthritis in the knees, ankles, elbows, wrists, hands and feet also should try DMARD therapy prior to anti-TNF treatment.”
 
These potential side effects and safety issues should factor into the decision when selecting an anti-TNF agent for use in treatment. One recent study looked at the safety profiles of these medications in an attempt to discern whether one drug presented a more favorable option for patients. In “Safety of Anti-TNFα Agents in the Treatment of Psoriasis and Psoriatic Arthritis,” published in Immunopharmacology and Immunotoxicology, the authors looked at current evidence on the safety of anti-TNF agents in the treatment of patients with psoriasis and psoriatic arthritis (PsA). They wrote that the “available data on the safety of anti-TNFα agents such as etanercept in psoriasis and PsA appear reassuring, even if some concerns still exist. Most notably, data suggest a higher incidence of infection and lymphoma amongst patients treated with the anti-TNFα monoclonal antibodies infliximab and adalimumab compared with etanercept.”
 
Thus, they concluded that “the overall safety profile of monoclonal antibodies in patients with psoriasis, PsA and RA seems less favorable than that of etanercept, particularly in terms of risk of infection and hepatotoxicity.”
 
Efficacy is the other key factor during medication selection in patients with psoriatic arthritis. However, the data may not be much help here, as several studies have found conflicting evidence when it comes to treatment efficacy in this population. One study published in 2010 in Rheumatology looked at outcomes using etanercept, infliximab, and adalimumab in a cohort of patients from the British Society for Rheumatology Biologics Register. The authors reported that there were no significant differences between the three anti-TNF therapies in European League against Rheumatism (EULAR) improvement criteria response rates at 6, 12, and 18 months of treatment.
 


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